Troy is an ancient Greek city that was located in a region known as Asia Minor at the time of existence. Now, if Troy still existed, it would be located in Turkey south of the Dardanelles Strait.
Troy was founded in 3000 BC and abandoned in 500 AD. Troy was the battleground in which the Trojan war was fought. The Achaeans (Greeks) declared war against the city of Troy after Paris of Troy kidnapped Helen. While the exact date for the fall of Troy remains unknown, the Greeks won the fight, and the city was left in shambles. Several scholars argue that the Trojan war is said to be one of the most important events in Greek mythology.
The actual size and terrain of the historical city are still up for debate. Ancient Greek and Latin authors such as Homer, Herodotus, and Strabo were able to give an approximate location of the ancient city. But the actual location of the city of Troy wasn’t discovered until several centuries later. Archaeologists continue to dig through the ruins of Troy in an attempt to understand the physical structure of humans who lived in Troy.
The city of Troy owned a stretch of land that connected the Black Sea with the Aegean Sea. The land strip put civilians of Troy in an excellent position to manage the movement of goods in and out of the city. The city had a smooth passage to the European shore via a land strip that ran along the west side of the Anatolian coast. Troy was able to use this land strip to collect tax money from travelers.
Before archaeologists began digging deeper into the remains of Troy, the mound stood 105 feet in the air. There is evidence that several different settlements occupied the land for nine total time periods. In Troy, houses were built, filled, and then destroyed by natural causes. At the end of each time period, almost all citizens and structures were wiped out by a fire or earthquake or both. Instead of leveling out the land or moving to a new territory, survivors of the previous period would build new houses on top of the damaged homes.
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